Wednesday, June 29, 2016

The Feverfew

The Feverfew
The Feverfew, pyrethrum or gold, is used for a long time to fight against headaches, lack of menstruation or rheumatic pain. It is again used regularly since the 1970s.

Grand camomileScientific name: Tanacetum parthenium

Common names: feverfew, pyrethrum golden pyrethrum foam partenelle, Feverfew

English names: feverfew , bachelor's buttons , featherfew

Botanical classification: Asteraceae ( Asteraceae )

Forms and preparations: fresh leaves, dried leaves, tablets, capsules, tinctures, extracts, capsules dry extract, tincture, teas

Medicinal properties of feverfew
-INTERNAL USE
Antimigraineuse, analgesic (including painful menstruation), anti-inflammatory, regulating activity of the nervous system.

-EXTERNAL USE
No external use.

USUAL THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS
Prevention and treatment of people with migraines (migraine on dystonic field catamenial migraine, migraine due to mental fatigue), painful periods, essential neuralgia.

OTHER THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS DEMONSTRATED
-Relieves rheumatic pains.
-Botanical description of feverfew
-Feverfew is a perennial herb; its flowers are yellow and white, clustered in umbels, and resemble daisies. Stiff stem can reach 50 to 70 cm high. The fruit is an achene. It gives off a slight smell of camphor.

Composition of feverfew

PARTS USED
In herbal medicine is used aerial flowering tops and fresh leaves.

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS
Sesquiterpene lactones (parthenolide), camphor essential oil, flavonoids, melatonin.

DOSAGE
For real results, treatment should last at least three months. The infusions are possible despite an unpleasant taste; it is recommended that 2.5 to 5 g of dried flowers for herbal tea.

fresh leaves in migraine prevention: chew 2 to 3 leaf per day.

dried leaves, capsules or whole: chew from 125 to 250 mg or mix with a yoghurt.

Tablets or capsules of dried leaves from 125 to 250 mg per day.

Precautions feverfew
Feverfew should not be confused with the German Chamomile or Roman Chamomile who do not have the same properties.

CONS-INDICATIONS
Feverfew is against-indicated for pregnant women. It is also prohibited for people allergic to plants of the Asteraceae (like daisy, dandelion)

SIDE EFFECTS
Feverfew consumption can, in rare cases, cause mild digestive disorders. In continuous use, the act of chewing the leaves can cause small mouth ulcers.

INTERACTIONS WITH MEDICINAL HERBS OR SUPPLEMENTS
Feverfew has antiplatelet effects; must not consume it with plants or supplements with anticoagulant or antiplatelet actions.

INTERACTIONS WITH DRUGS
Feverfew should not be consumed along with anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs. Do not mix feverfew and anti-inflammatory drugs. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist if in doubt.

Monday, May 2, 2016

Wormwood, the women friend

Wormwood, the women friend

The therapeutic benefits of wormwood were already known to the time of the Gauls. This herb supports digestion and treats menstrual disorders. It is also recommended in the treatment of muscle and joint pain. Here are three recipes sagebrush to yourselves.

Infusion: 1 tablespoon of dried plant (leaf and flowering top) in 20 cl of boiling water, let steep 5 minutes, filter. Drink 2 cups a day between meals (female disorders) or 15 minutes before meals (digestive disorders).

Wine wormwood
Let macerate 20 g of fresh flowering tops for ten days, in 1 liter of sweet white wine, filter. Drink 2 glasses per day in Bordeaux during the week before menstruation or to treat digestive disorders.

More
Wormwood, slipped fresh in the boots of hikers, helps to walk a long, thin legs and without blisters. By late afternoon, it mixes with the bath water to relieve muscle and joint pain. The aromatic fresh mugwort herb stimulates bile secretion and makes it more digestible fat dishes. In spring, its young flowering tops knob are also delicious donuts.

Friday, January 29, 2016

Ginkgo, desmodium, Eschscholzia, ginseng plants

Ginkgo, desmodium, Eschscholzia, ginseng plants

Often it was believed find miracle plant, from remote regions, endowed with unique properties that cure many ills. If these travelers made regularly featured as ginkgo, desmodium the Eschscholzia or ginseng sometimes represent a passing fad, they really help to get back on the health track. What do the so-called exotic plants in herbal medicine? Do we really need? Many professionals think. For if some have surfed modes, disappearing thereafter to the general public, they have shown their advantages and are used daily. "The clove  is used for centuries. Its utility does not even discussed. We can not do without is the most classic anesthetic ", exclaims Françoise Thomas, MD, specializes in herbal medicine.

And examples abound. Most hypertensives are exotic: coffee, tea, of course, but also the kola nut, cocoa, yerba mate and guarana. Because their environmental conditions are at the origin of their active principles, often richer due to sometimes extreme conditions. "Harpagophytum, from Namibia, contains many iridoids, anti-inflammatory properties useful against arthritis , back pain, etc. It is a dryland plant, which is very difficult to grow outside its biotope complex ", says Jean-Michel Morel, herbalist.

The plants develop special properties indeed by the environments in which they live. "France has many habitats, but it has little tropical and arctic zones. It is normal that he lacks the associated plants ", takes the herbalist.

Ginseng, for example, is adaptogen. These types of plants facilitate the adaptation of the body to stress. In France, it has not yet found equivalent. Among the originating equatorial climate, benzoin balm, made ​​from Styrax benzoin, which comes from the island of Sumatra, is an antispasmodic and pulmonary antiseptic used against bronchitis among others. A majority of these exotic tropical climates comes from: "The griffonia comes from Africa. It serves as a supplement for depressive syndromes because it has a precursor of serotonin, "says Jean-Michel Morel." Bamboo is very good for spinal problems. In addition, it grows fast and renewed well ", continues Françoise Thomas.

But obviously, it should be careful. There is always a novelty factor or a spotlight that promotes a particular plant. Sometimes with exaggerated effect. At first, horse chestnut, now a common tree in our parks, was presented as alternate quinine. Far short of his virtues, however, it is quite useful against hemorrhoids and bleeding. "In the eighties, Canada fleabane was shown as the anti-inflammatory plant. Finally, it has not much effect as what was said. This is harpagophytum who took over ", says Jean-Michel Morel. This last plant is still without rival. Some tests are currently conducted around the knotted figwort (Scrophularianodosa), which possess the same active ingredient, harpagoside.

All exotic plants are not essential. Some were encouraged by the cumulative effect of novelty and exoticism, but can be replaced by native species. "Soy is given to women for problems associated with menopause. Yarrow however has the same effect ", says Françoise Thomas. Witch hazel shrub of North America, is recommended for venous insufficiency. "But the broom that grows in our forests is a venous tonic and blood thinner. It is equally interesting. Similarly the red vine ", ends this practitioner.

In reality, there are several plants for the same symptom is not serious. The key is to verify that it is preferable to use according to the patient's symptom. Because plants whose use was regulated are now fully integrated into traditional uses. The latest arrivals, however, have more difficulty in being accepted.

A list was drawn up by the European Medicine Agency (EMEA) to validate plants with traditional uses, and the effects are seen confirmed after thirty years. But since plants that arrive today do not allow for the decline in our society, they can not be on that list. Therefore, not being authorized for sale in therapy, they will never be able to integrate traditional care practices. The only way remaining to conduct studies proving their effects on the body. Faced with this vicious cycle where everything is based on the scientific validation, plants borrow other sales channels coexisting good products and famous stings. This is not without risk because such excesses can lead to health consequences. 

Ginkgo, always unique
Symbol of the return to life to have survived the Hiroshima atomic bomb, the Ginkgo biloba is a special case. It is unique in plant classification, which gives it particular principles. It has ginkgolides and bilobalide which act on the nervous system, helping the brain to withstand hypoxia and ischemia. Indicated in brain deficits, memory loss, it is nevertheless necessary to pay attention to its use and especially avoid some potentially dangerous drug combinations. A maximum daily dose has even been set at 0.6 micrograms because of its potentially allergenic compounds.

Desmodium, unmatched for liver
The properties of adscendens Desmodium is unparalleled to protect the liver  and treat viral hepatitis A and B. Between 1959 and 1963, Dr. Pierre Tubéry and his wife observe its hepato-protective properties while working at a clinic in Cameroon. Back in France, they will be taken with other scientists from the Faculty of Sciences of Toulouse botanical research, phytochemical, toxicological and pharmacological. In 1994, Olivier Heard, the Tours Faculty of Pharmacy, manages to explain the operation of desmodium. Despite numerous studies and its current use, it is not currently part of 
our pharmacopoeia.

The California poppy or Eschscholzia 
Naturalized in France, the California poppy  is used in herbal medicine to treat insomnia  and anxiety. Infuse 6 to 10 g per 0.5 liters of water for 15 minutes. Drink three times per day or after dinner in case of insomnia. Avoid associating it with alcohol or sedative drugs.

Growing ginseng?
Victim of its success, the Chinese ginseng, Panax ginseng, almost exclusively produced in China, is now rare. France in imports over 100 tonnes per year, four times more than in 1988. It is prohibited to harvest in China today. The culture may be a solution, but remains complicated. The company France Ginseng tent that had so far failed: cultivate and produce this plant that needs to grow for five to six years before being harvested. Philippe Brion, its director, explains: "We believe in the synergy between the photovoltaic and ginseng, which need shade in order to be economically viable. "It will take two or three years to see their roots in the market.

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

The sober and generous lavender

The sober and generous lavender

The word lavender - from the Latin  lavare meaning wash - dates back to the Middle Ages but in ancient times it was used by the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans to scent the baths. It is the latter that have disseminated this Mediterranean sweet nurse almost all ills, through their empire. Cited by Pliny, who recommends the infusion, it is mentioned by his contemporary Dioscorides in his treatise "De mate ria medica".

In the Middle Ages, lavender is present in every garden almost: those monasteries like those rich castles. St. Hildegard (1098- 1179) used it to prepare eye drops or boiled in wine to relieve the liver. From the XVI th century, the essence of wild plants is distilled in the South. At the outbreak of the Great Plague in Provence (1720), made ​​into fumigations. In the XIX th century, lavender attracted perfumers and fragrance found in soaps, detergents, etc. But this is neglected for synthetic flavors or for the lavender, the perfume less subtle, but less expensive. Today we rediscover the very large lavender lady virtues, which continues to color the landscapes of Provence.

A seductive
Lavender're not an aphrodisiac plant. However, since ancient times, it is associated with romantic relationships: Roman prostitutes dabbed lavender oil body. Unrepentant seducer, Casanova perfumed by its gallant tickets which, it seems, put in "good intentions" recipients.

Properties 
Antiseptic, sedative, antivenom, bactericidal, healing
There were no fewer than 300 components in lavender. This wealth gives it many properties.

Lavender is a good antiseptic respiratory tract. Inhalations - a handful of flowers in a bowl of hot water - relieve sore throats, bronchitis, flu and feverish conditions, coughs and other sinusitis. Externally, it soothes and aids healing of minor burns, cuts and various abrasions and insect bites: lavender pickers few ears rubbed on their skin in case of bee stings.

Lavender has a sedative effect on the nervous system. In infusion after dinner you will find it easier to sleep: take a pinch of lavender in a cup of boiling water and let steep for 10 minutes covered.

Cultivation tips
Lavender is very familiar to but is often confused with the lavender. There are many hybrids: all are grown in the same way but for the health and beauty treatments, choose the L avandula angustifolia or L avandula latifolia (asp).

Where?
Lavender likes to have dry feet and likes stony limestone soil. Conversely, a humid or too much watering can rot the. Rather rustic, it supports temperatures from -5 ° C to -15 ° C, depending on the circumstances, and can live for many years. Generous plant, it also agreed to push city on balconies and in pots.

When?
Sow indoors in January or February, and transplant in March or April and transplant outdoors in May. It is very easy to multiply by lavender woody cuttings in autumn and young shoots in spring or by bursts of young tufts.

How?
This Mediterranean requires full sun. Therefore you will plant in the sunniest corner of your garden; its fragrance will be even more pronounced. You cut lavender in the spring just after flowering to keep it a dense form and much expanded (if not, it will take a lanky fast pace and sometimes impressive scale). Please do not prune in autumn while approaching cold: freezing seriously damages the young shoots that form soon after pruning.

Aphids: A fragrant insecticide
Pour 100 g of flowers and lavender leaves in 1 liter of cold water. Bring gently to the boil. Stop the heat and cover. Let steep until completely cooled. Filter then spray on pure aphid colonies or passages of ants do not like the smell.

The snap of the herbalist 

-Macérat Lavender: Lavender flowers at will and olive oil
Fill a clear glass jar of lavender flowers loosely. Pour oil to cover the flowers. Allow 4 to 5 days in the sun, then filter. Put new flowers macerated for the same time before even filter, so you can renew up to 5 times the flowers for a very fragrant oil and loaded the active ingredients of lavender. Pour into small bottles and keep them in the shade. The infused oil of lavender, antibacterial, relieves headaches: you use it to dry eczema and moisturizing massage relaxant after a day of gardening, or sports. Essential !

Toilet -Lotion:
The principle of the recipe is the same as the previous except substituting the oil by the cider vinegar. Thus a toilet vinegar, very useful against acne.

Note: The ideal time to harvest flowers is the beginning of flowering, when they just begin to open: their scent is at its pinnacle. However, you can make your crop during flowering.

In the kitchen: to brighten your dishes 
Historically, the leaves and lavender flowers that fall under both the salty sweet dishes. Think of it as spices for a game to accompany roast chicken or goat cheese! But stay strong fragrance sparingly because it tends to drive all other tastes. Traditionally, lavender scented olive oil your grill. It is used gladly in dairy desserts (ice cream, creme brulee), after brewing its flowers in milk (at 5 grams of milk 20cl). And goes well with the taste of peaches and apricots associated with lavender honey. Finally, it brightens your drinks, whether syrups or of spirits.

Saturday, January 9, 2016

The many virtues of wild rose

The many virtues of wild rose

Wild rose, also called  (Rosa canina), has amazing properties concentrated in its leaves and roots, but also in  its fruits,  rose hips are rich in vitamin C and excellent for immunity.  What hold on for the arrival of the cold season, and even beyond. Unlike Ronsard, which associated the rose wilted to decay of the body, let's see if the rose could not perk us all winter! For wild rose, also called wild rose (Rosa canina), has amazing properties concentrated in its leaves and roots, but also in its fruits, rose hips are rich in vitamin C and excellent for immunity. What hold Unfortunately for the arrival of the cold season, and even beyond.

While purists oppose us that the rose hip is a red fruit, that is to say the projection of the true fruit of the plant, as a reproductive organ. But we could say the same of strawberry, whose fruits are small seeds on the surface, as we had once learned in school. The rose hip is equipped with stinging hairs located on the tail of the fruit that is used to make the itching powder. If you pick your rosehips yourselves, it is imperative to remove and carefully, otherwise you risk of misguided itching where the sun never shines, hence the traditional name of hip.

Take the rose blossom

In the pink, there is first the flowers and leaves which, by their tannins, can be particularly advisable for you ladies, because this shrub contains the same elements to dispel most of these internal imbalances and if so annoying unjust.

Thus, leaves and pink flowers relieve uterine congestion, because of intimate pain, painful and heavy periods. They are also used as an antispasmodic, and relaxing as for menstrual cramps and PMS, which is neither more nor less than a form of depression programmed by nature. They also soothe hot flashes, night sweats and mood swings of menopause.

It is not for nothing that they say that a woman is as fresh as a  rose: wild rose not only lightens the mood of women but rose water cleanses and tones the skin, eliminates infection and inflammation in cases of acne, thereby remove stains and boils, and overcomes the sore eyes. It improves wound healing and reduces swelling bruising and sprains.

However, the rose can be used for everyone, and it would be wrong not book infusions of leaves and flowers and women. As they lower fevers, reduce hyperacidity and gastric hyperactivity causing excessive hunger, which is particularly recommended if you come out of a period of successive feasts or know of weight problems. For their part, the flowers are slightly laxative, while the leaves are used as an astringent against diarrhea. In the Middle Ages, the flower even going to cure pulmonary tuberculosis and to restore the comatose to life!

Especially, those who have tasted the essence of flowers know its soothing properties. I once took before exams, when I was too stressed, although I recommend you not to abuse the day of the tests. As you can see, the flowers raise morale, fight effectively against depression and insomnia, fatigue, both psychological and physical, irritability and anger. Thus, the rose can provide you some inner peace in times of trouble, even critical.

Prefer punch rage

Where the virtues of wild rose at their worst, it is in the "fruit", rosehips. This name can no longer be Greek means rose dogs - a name that may seem very rude to a fruit so useful. It comes from the fact that the roots of the plant were used in the past to overcome the rage that transmitted the stray dogs. Francis Joseph Cazin, a French doctor of the XIX th century author of an imposing "practical and rational Treaty of indigenous medicinal  plants" , is already showing very skeptical about this usage, and even if I could find recipes, I doubt that they were often employed since Pasteur's discoveries.

However, it is not there for the benefit of this fruit. During World War I, the British, who suffered the German attacks and could not get hold of oranges were harvested in children rosehips to maintain a supply of vitamin C in their diet, and avoid scurvy, scourge of sailors of old. Unlike other mammals, primates including ourselves do not manufacture their own vitamin C. This is however essential to our immune system, and it allows us to metabolize iron.

Most importantly, it allows us to perk us in no time. Its anticancer properties are still under consideration, and its powers are real antioxidants, preventing the proliferation of free radicals that destroy our cells. What is particularly significant for smokers, including antioxidant vitamins are monopolized by the bronchial tree. In autumn, it is not because one is more tired than the workload down! Especially as our lower exposure to light plays on our morale. Also, to hold on, rosehips is ideal, since it contains a high proportion of vitamin C, or nearly 0.5% of its own weight. There is as much of this vitamin in rose hips in a bay large lemon. In addition, vitamin C, rose hip takes remarkably heat, unlike that of other fruits.

Your belly will prefer to oranges

Since oranges are entries in the menu of our breakfast, we tend to associate vitamin C and sour stomach. It is where the rose hips. Because it stops diarrhea, quiet enteritis, stomach cramps, constipation and nausea - though it is not recommended for pregnant women. It effectively fights against infection and regenerates the intestinal flora. In addition, the Persian physicians appreciated for its ability to dissolve kidney stones.

It is also valuable for the respiratory system, because it stimulates the mucociliary activity, relieves congestion, prevents and treats colds, flu, sore throat, cough, bronchitis and inflammation. Finally, the fight against infections, removes toxins, and shows particularly rich in vitamins A, B and K. In addition, it reduces pain and increases flexibility in case of osteoarthritis!

The best remedies are sometimes the simplest

The rose hips decoction is an anthelmintic and anti-diarrhea effective, the anti-inflammatory effects are significant. To produce it, just take 30 g per liter of water rose hips, and let boil for 5 minutes, then infuse 10 minutes. Take 3 or 4 cups per day without food.

The infusion of rose flowers, soft palate, is prepared with two teaspoons per cup, it is enough to infuse 10 minutes. However, for those who have neither the time nor the energy to make these remedies, we find the rose hips quite easily in the trade, whether in capsules or infusion.

Finally, if you've ever tasted, it will not have escaped you that the rose hips, it's good! You can get a very tasty red puree, which also eats well sweet than salty, and with which we can prepare all kinds of desserts, syrups and jams. Moreover, the Swedish count him as one of the main ingredients of their national soup, nyponsoppa. If you can tone up and feast together, why deprive yourself?

Wednesday, January 6, 2016

The ambivalent valeria

The ambivalent valerian
There are plants that can cause opposite reactions to the desired effect, according to the person to whom they are addressed. This is the case of valerian. Make breathe the fresh root to your loved ones and you will find that some are fleeing this "foul smell", while others are irresistibly attracted by its fragrance intriguing. Valerian seems to have a split personality. The quiet most of us, promoting a peaceful sleep, even acting as an anxiolytic. However, it may excite some causing nocturnal anxieties and nightmares. Let's explore this majestic ambivalence.Plante, valerian gives high flowering stems during the summer. But above all it is grown for its roots.

Sow
The seeds are sown in spring, planting tray. They degrade relatively quickly. Also do not keep them from one year to another, or expect to germination will be far from optimal. They need light to germinate, which is quite surprising for a seed of this size. Moisten your potting soil and tamp it well the first time. Arrange the seed surface, and tamp again to fix the seeds in place. Please do not cover the ground. Sprinkle with a spray bottle and keep them always wet. Place the tray in a cool place. Seedlings should appear within two weeks. Warning, these first leaves do not resemble at all the mature leaves, more divided, sometimes resulting in accidental weeding. Once your seedlings have developed three or four leaves, transfer them in pots and in the ground when they are strong enough.

Exposure
Valerian appreciates a half shade half sun exposure, frequent watering (she likes to have wet feet), all in a rich land, complete with manure and compost, and relatively well drained. I keep my plants tightened to the garden. Indeed, the root mass is very small and compact in relation to its aerial mass. When the mistral blowing on my garden, some plants end up losing to wind. In the clamped configuration, so they manage to hold each other. If your garden is exposed to the wind, do not hesitate to do the same.

Harvest
The root, very aromatic, is harvested in the fall when the aerial part begins to disappear. Wait until the plant has at least two years before the sacrifice. Do not expect to get a large amount of roots per plant. It is better to plant at least fifteen if you consume regularly.

Cohabitation
Some cats are completely mesmerized by the smell of the fresh root. They will show cunning to access this smell that immerses them in a trance!

Properties
This indication is little known, but valerian can help to mitigate disturbances digestive caused or aggravated by stress relieving the state of hypersensitivity irritable bowel. It will then take between 30 and 50 drops of mother tincture of fresh roots in a little water, three times a day before meals.

Listed sleep, some swear by it. Other - about 10% of users - make a reverse reaction with a more restless sleep than usual. Francis Joseph Cazin, famous physician campaign early eighteenth th century, explained that, in some cases, it excites the nervous system, accelerates the heart rate and gives a feeling of oppression in the chest. In my experience, people warm up the less tolerant. To find out if you should use the following method explained page.

Its antispasmodic properties make it useful for relaxing the smooth muscles and relieve intestinal cramping and menstrual in particular. It also affects the contractions type lumbago or torticollis. Then take thirty drops of mother tincture in a little water every ten minutes until relief, not to exceed 15 ml per day.